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Galungan & Kuningan Day in Bali

Galungan and Kuningan are two important Hindu holidays celebrated in Bali, Indonesia. These festivals are significant cultural and religious events that hold deep meaning for the Balinese people.


Galungan marks the beginning of a 10-day religious festival that celebrates the victory of Dharma (good) over Adharma (evil) and the Balinese Hindu belief in the victory of virtue. It occurs every 210 days according to the Balinese Pawukon calendar. During Galungan, Balinese Hindus believe that ancestral spirits return to visit their former homes, and prayers and offerings are made to honor them.

  • Preparation Leading up to Galungan, Balinese families engage in various preparations, including cleaning and decorating their homes, making offerings, and preparing traditional foods.
  • Penjor One of the most iconic symbols of Galungan is the penjor, a tall bamboo pole adorned with offerings such as rice, fruits, and palm leaves. Penjors are erected outside Balinese homes and temples to symbolize prosperity and to welcome the spirits of ancestors.
  • Prayers and Offerings On Galungan Day, Balinese Hindus visit temples to pray and make offerings to the gods and ancestors. Special ceremonies are held at temples throughout Bali, accompanied by traditional music and dance.


Kuningan is the last day of the Galungan festival and holds special significance as the day when ancestral spirits return to the heavens. It occurs ten days after Galungan. On Kuningan Day, Balinese Hindus make offerings of yellow rice (nasi kuning) and other symbolic foods to express gratitude to the gods and to bid farewell to the visiting spirits.

  • Yellow Rice Offerings Yellow rice is considered sacred and is offered to deities and ancestors as a symbol of prosperity, gratitude, and devotion. Balinese families prepare elaborate offerings, including yellow rice, fruits, cakes, and flowers, which are placed on family altars and taken to temples for ceremonies.
  • Prayers and Temple Visits Balinese Hindus attend temple ceremonies on Kuningan Day to pray for blessings and to perform rituals to honor their ancestors. Offerings are made to deities and priests conduct ceremonies to purify and bless devotees.

Galungan and Kuningan are integral to Balinese Hindu culture and are celebrated with great fervor and devotion across the island. These festivals showcase the rich traditions, beliefs, and spiritual practices of the Balinese people, emphasizing the importance of community, family, and religious devotion in Balinese society.